Extended Post EVLP Cold Preservation Increases Risk of Primary Graft Dysfunction and Mortality

M. Leiva-Juarez, A. C. Urso, E. Arango Tomas, D. J. Lederer, P. Sanchez, B. Griffith, D. Davis, M. Daneshmand, M. Hartwig, E. Cantu, M. Weyant, C. Bermudez, J. D'Cunha, T. Machuca, T. Wozniak, W. Lynch, H. Nemeh, M. Mulligan, T. Song, M. JessenP. Camp, C. Caldeira, B. Witson, D. Kreisel, D. Ramzy, F. D'Ovidio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: EVLP allows for reassessment of lung grafts initially deemed unsuitable for transplantation, increasing the available donor pool. Standard cold preservation is followed by normothermic EVLP, then lungs undergo a second cold preservation prior to implantation. Paucity of data exist on how the sequence of cold-normothermic-cold preservations affect outcomes. We investigated the effects of preservation times in transplanted EVLP lungs. METHODS: Data from the NOVEL trial (110pts) was retrospectively analyzed. Duration of the 3 preservation phases was measured: cold pre EVLP; EVLP; cold post EVLP. Donor and recipient clinical data were collected. Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) and survival were monitored. Risk of mortality or PGD were calculated using Cox-proportional hazards and logistic regression models to adjust for baseline characteristics. RESULTS: Using the highest quartile, pts were stratified in extended (>287 min, n=27) and non-extended (<287 min, n=89) cold post-EVLP time. Age, LAS, cold pre-EVLP, EVLP time, type of Tx, gender and recipient diagnosis were similar between groups. The rates of PGD ≥2-3 (20.5% vs 52%, p=0.002) and PGD 3 (8.4% vs 29.6%, p=0.005) at 72hrs post-Tx were increased in the extended group. The 1-year survival was lower for patients with extended cold post-EVLP (91.6% vs 70.4%, p=0.013) as was 3-year survival (75.9% vs 55.6%, p=0.023). After adjusting for age, LAS, diagnosis, cold pre-EVLP, donor smoking history, donor last PaO2, and type of Tx, the extended group remained an independent predictor of PGD ≥2-3 (OR: 6.35, 95% CI: 1.98-19.73, P=0.002) and PGD 3 (OR: 10.47, 95% CI: 2.2-49.9, P=0.003) at 72 hrs and of 1-year mortality (HR: 10, 95% CI2.35-39.9, P=0.001). Cold Pre-EVLP and EVLP time were not significant predictors of outcomes. CONCLUSION: Extended cold post EVLP preservation (5 hrs or more) associated with risk for PGD and 1-year mortality. These findings from a multicenter trial should caution on the implementation of extended cold preservation post EVLP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S111-S112
JournalThe Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation

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