Objective: To compare the mRNA expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in postmenopausal prolapsed versus non-prolapsed anterior vaginal wall (AVW) tissue. We hypothesized that the weakening of the tissue leading to prolapse was due to decreased collagen production from a downregulation at the transcriptional level. Methods: Following IRB approval, full thickness samples of redundant AVW were excised from consecutive ageequivalent, postmenopausal, women undergoing cystocele repair (prolapse, stage III or IV), or radical cystectomy (control, no clinical findings of prolapse). Total RNA was isolated, cDNA was synthesized, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was conducted to assess the mRNA expression of collagens type I and III, proelastin, MMP3, MMP10, and MMP11. The significance of the difference of mRNA expression between prolapse and control tissues was tested using Student's t-test followed by Mann-Whitney Rank Sum Test. Results: A 5.3-fold increase in collagen type I mRNA was found in prolapse (n = 47) over control (n = 7) tissues (P = 0.009). Type III collagen mRNA was also significantly increased to a 3.3 times higher level (P = 0.017). The ratio of type III to type I was decreased from 15.6 in controls to 9.7 in prolapse. An increasing trend in pro-elastin and MMP mRNA expression was found in prolapse, but this was not statistically significant. Conclusion: In this controlled study, the increase found in collagen mRNA expression disproved our hypothesis. To the contrary, this defective prolapsed tissue can signal its need for ECM replenishment. The message, however, is not being effectively translated to assist in tissue remodeling. Neurourol. Urodynam. 29:582-586, 2010.
- Anterior vaginal wall prolapse
- MRNA expression
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology