Factor Structure of the CVLT-II Short Form: Evidence From a Trauma-Exposed Sample

Anne R. Carlew, Keke L. Schuler, Camilo J. Ruggero, Jennifer L. Callahan, Benjamin J. Luft, Roman Kotov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The current study sought to investigate the factor structure of the California Verbal Learning Test–Second Edition (CVLT-II) Short Form in a trauma-exposed sample. We used confirmatory factor analysis to test four competing models proposed by Donders in a study investigating the CVLT-II Standard Form. Consistent with Donders, a four-factor model consisting of Attention Span, Learning Efficiency, Delayed Memory, and Inaccurate Memory was supported. These results confirm the latent structure of the CVLT-II holds for the CVLT-II in its Short Form as well as in a trauma-exposed sample. Findings are particularly important, given previous research indicating attention span and learning efficiency may underpin memory complaints in trauma-exposed individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)976-983
Number of pages8
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • learning
  • memory
  • posttraumatic stress disorder
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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