Factors affecting wound leakage in 23-gauge sutureless pars plana vitrectomy

Albert L. Lin, Deepta A. Ghate, Zachary M. Robertson, Patrick Sean O'Sullivan, Warren L. May, Ching Jygh Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate risk factors for sclerotomy leakage in 23-gauge sutureless pars plana vitrectomy in 219 patients. Methods: Nested case-control study involving 48 patients with wound leaks (visible on-table sclerotomy leakage requiring sutures) and 171 control subjects without wound leaks. Patients received either a conventional sclerotomy incision at 45°, which was then changed to 90° midincision, or an extremely oblique sclerotomy incision (OSI) at 10°, which was then changed to 30° midincision. Risk factors studied included age, gender, laterality, surgical duration, sclerotomy incision (OSI vs. conventional sclerotomy incision), preoperative diagnosis (macular vs. nonmacular), history of vitrectomy, and primary surgeon (attending vs. supervised resident). Results: Multivariate logistic regression analysis found significant (P ≤ 0.05) protective factors for wound leakage including OSI, macular preoperative diagnosis, no previous vitrectomy, and female gender. Surgical duration at least 45 minutes was considered a borderline risk factor. Conclusion: Using an extremely OSI versus a conventional sclerotomy incision reduces the incidence of wound leakage postoperatively because of its self-sealing effect. Other factors that contribute to wound leakage, such as increased surgical duration and nonmacular diagnosis, may be indirect measurements of extensive trocar rotation, causing wound leakage despite the use of an OSI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1101-1108
Number of pages8
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011


  • 23-gauge
  • oblique incision
  • risk factors
  • sutureless
  • vitrectomy
  • wound leakage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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