FAF1 blocks ferroptosis by inhibiting peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids

Shaojie Cui, Glenn Simmons, Goncalo Vale, Yaqin Deng, Jungyeon Kim, Hyeonwoo Kim, Ruihui Zhang, Jeffrey G. McDonald, Jin Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

SignificanceThe current study reveals the functions of FAF1 in protecting cells from ferroptosis, a novel cell death pathway triggered by PUFA peroxidation. In the absence of FAF1, cultured cells and mice are extremely sensitive to ferroptosis when exposed to physiological levels of PUFAs. Mechanistically, FAF1 sequesters PUFAs into the hydrophobic core of a global structure that limits their access to positively charged Fe2+, which catalyzes the peroxidation reaction. These observations suggest that FAF1-mediated protection of PUFA peroxidation plays a critical role in preventing initiation of ferroptosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e2107189119
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume119
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2022

Keywords

  • FAF1
  • ferroptosis
  • polyunsaturated fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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