Failure to recognize fetal alcohol syndrome in newborn infants

B. B. Little, L. M. Snell, C. R. Rosenfeld, L. C. Gilstrap, N. F. Gant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A clinically distinct constellation of major and minor anomalies, termed the fetal alcohol syndrome, occurs among infants whose mothers abuse alcohol during pregnancy. Inaddition, significantly higher rates of pregnancy complications, including perinatal deaths and fetal growth retardation, occur among these women and their offspring. We studied the medical records of 40 infants born to 38 alcohol abusers and the frequency of characteristics assocaited with fetal alcohol syndrome. Physical examinations of 6 infants revealed primary features consistent with a diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome. Postnatal growth and development were very poor in 17 (50%) of 34 liveborn alcohol-exposed infants. The diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome did not appear in the medical records of any of these infants despite the fact that the mothers' obstetric records included a higory of alcohol abuse during pregnancy. This finding emphasizes the importance of good communication between obstetric and pediatric medical staff at this hospital, particularly when providing care for pregnant women and newborn infants at high risk for complications due to maternal alcohol or other drug abuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1142-1146
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Diseases of Children
Volume144
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Newborn Infant
Alcohols
Mothers
Alcoholism
Obstetrics
Medical Records
Hospital Medical Staffs
Pregnancy
Fetal Growth Retardation
Pregnancy Complications
Growth and Development
Physical Examination
Substance-Related Disorders
Pregnant Women
Communication
Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Little, B. B., Snell, L. M., Rosenfeld, C. R., Gilstrap, L. C., & Gant, N. F. (1990). Failure to recognize fetal alcohol syndrome in newborn infants. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 144(10), 1142-1146.

Failure to recognize fetal alcohol syndrome in newborn infants. / Little, B. B.; Snell, L. M.; Rosenfeld, C. R.; Gilstrap, L. C.; Gant, N. F.

In: American Journal of Diseases of Children, Vol. 144, No. 10, 1990, p. 1142-1146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Little, BB, Snell, LM, Rosenfeld, CR, Gilstrap, LC & Gant, NF 1990, 'Failure to recognize fetal alcohol syndrome in newborn infants', American Journal of Diseases of Children, vol. 144, no. 10, pp. 1142-1146.
Little, B. B. ; Snell, L. M. ; Rosenfeld, C. R. ; Gilstrap, L. C. ; Gant, N. F. / Failure to recognize fetal alcohol syndrome in newborn infants. In: American Journal of Diseases of Children. 1990 ; Vol. 144, No. 10. pp. 1142-1146.
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