Failure to rescue after major abdominal surgery: The role of hospital safety net burden

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Abstract

Background: We aimed to examine whether safety-net burden is a significant predictor of failure-to-rescue (FTR) after major abdominal surgery controlling for patient and hospital characteristics, including surgical volume. Methods: Data were extracted from the 2007–2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. FTR was defined as mortality among patients experiencing major postoperative complications. Differences in rates of complications, mortality, and FTR across quartiles of safety-net burden were assessed with univariate analyses. Multilevel regression models were constructed to estimate the association between FTR and safety-net burden. Results: Among 238,645 patients, the incidence of perioperative complications, in-hospital mortality, and FTR were 33.7%, 4.4%, and 11.8%, respectively. All the outcomes significantly increased across the quartiles of safety-net burden. In the multilevel regression analyses, safety-net burden was a significant predictor of FTR after adjustment for patient and hospital characteristics, including hospital volume. Conclusion: Increasing hospital safety-net burden is associated with higher odds of FTR for major abdominal surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1023-1030
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume220
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Failure to rescue
  • Major abdominal surgery
  • Postoperative outcomes
  • Safety net

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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