Family history of chronic disease and meeting public health guidelines for physical activity: The cooper center longitudinal study

Kerem Shuval, Chung Yi Chiu, Carolyn E. Barlow, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Darla E. Kendzor, Michael S. Businelle, Celette Sugg Skinner, Bijal A. Balasubramanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We aimed to assess whether a family history of coronary heart disease, diabetes, or cancer is linked to meeting public health guidelines for health-promoting physical activity. To achieve this objective, we analyzed data on 29,513 adults who came to the Cooper Clinic (Dallas, Texas) between January 1, 1990, and December 31, 2010, for a preventive medicine visit. Patients completed a comprehensive medical survey including information on family medical history, physical activity, and other lifestyle behaviors. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to examine the relationship between having a family history of chronic disease and meeting physical activity guidelines. The results indicated that individuals with a family history of disease had reduced odds for meeting or exceeding physical activity guidelines. For example, participants with a family history of 3 diseases were 36% less likely to meet or exceed physical activity guidelines than their counterparts without a family history of disease (odds ratio, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.58-0.72), while controlling for covariates. Among this large sample of adults, those with a family history of chronic disease were less inclined to regularly engage in physical activity. Thus, targeted programs encouraging adoption and maintenance of health-promoting physical activity might be warranted, specifically targeting individuals with familial history of disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)588-592
Number of pages5
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Shuval, K., Chiu, C. Y., Barlow, C. E., Gabriel, K. P., Kendzor, D. E., Businelle, M. S., Skinner, C. S., & Balasubramanian, B. A. (2013). Family history of chronic disease and meeting public health guidelines for physical activity: The cooper center longitudinal study. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 88(6), 588-592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2013.04.006