The six-transmembrane channels are thought to be composed of two modules: pore and sensor. Whereas the modular design of the pore has been established, the modularity of the sensor remains hypothetical. As a first step toward establishing the modularity of this region, we searched for genes where the sensor is found independent of the pore and have identified new members of the sensor superfamily. Analysis of these sensors reveals a motif shared among not only these newly discovered members and voltagegated, transient receptor potential, and polycystin channel sensors, but also MscL, a bacterial mechanosensitive channel. Mutational analyses presented here and in previous studies demonstrate that highly conserved residues within this motif are required for normal channel activity; mutations of residues within this motif in different subfamilies lead to consistent channel phenotypes. Previous studies have demonstrated that peptides containing this motif and the adjacent conserved transmembrane domain elicit channel activities when reconstituted into lipid membranes. These data provide evidence for the modularity of the sensor, imply a model for its evolution, suggest a common origin for mechano- and voltage-sensing, and may offer a glimpse of the properties of the first sensor/channel.
- Transient receptor potential
- Tyrosine phosphatases
- Voltage-gated channel
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology