FANCD2 influences replication fork processes and genome stability in response to clustered DSBs

Jiayun Zhu, Fengtao Su, Shibani Mukherjee, Eiichiro Mori, Burong Hu, Aroumougame Asaithamby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fanconi Anemia (FA) is a cancer predisposition syndrome and the factors defective in FA are involved in DNA replication, DNA damage repair and tumor suppression. Here, we show that FANCD2 is critical for genome stability maintenance in response to high-linear energy transfer (LET) radiation. We found that FANCD2 is monoubiquitinated and recruited to the sites of clustered DNA double-stranded breaks (DSBs) specifically in S/G2 cells after high-LET radiation. Further, FANCD2 facilitated the repair of clustered DSBs in S/G2 cells and proper progression of S-phase. Furthermore, lack of FANCD2 led to a reduced rate of replication fork progression and elevated levels of both replication fork stalling and new origin firing in response to high-LET radiation. Mechanistically, FANCD2 is required for correct recruitment of RPA2 and Rad51 to the sites of clustered DSBs and that is critical for proper processing of clustered DSBs. Significantly, FANCD2-decifient cells exhibited defective chromosome segregation, elevated levels of chromosomal aberrations, and anchorage-independent growth in response to high-LET radiation. These findings establish FANCD2 as a key factor in genome stability maintenance in response to high-LET radiation and as a promising target to improve cancer therapy

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1809-1822
Number of pages14
JournalCell Cycle
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Clustered DSBs
  • DNA replication
  • FANCD2
  • Genome instability
  • High-LET radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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