Fascia Iliaca Regional Anesthesia in Hip Fracture Patients Revisited: Which Fractures and Surgical Procedures Benefit Most?

Eytan M. Debbi, John M. Garlich, Dheeraj R. Yalamanchili, Stephen R. Stephan, Christopher R. Johnson, Landon S. Polakof, Ali S. Noorzad, Amit Pujari, Milton T.M. Little, Charles N. Moon, Kapil K. Anand, Carol A. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives:Perioperative fascia iliaca regional anesthesia (FIRA) decreases pain in hip fracture patients. The purpose of this study is to determine which hip fracture types and surgical procedures benefit most.Design:Prospective observational study compared with a retrospective historical control.Patients/Participants:Patients older than 60 years who received perioperative FIRA were compared with a historical cohort not receiving FIRA.Setting:This study was conducted at a Level 1 trauma center.Main Outcome Measurements:The primary outcome was morphine milliequivalents (MME) consumed during the index hospitalization. Fracture pattern-specific preoperative and postoperative MME consumption and surgical procedure-specific postoperative MME consumption was compared between the FIRA and non-FIRA groups.Results:A total of 949 patients were included in this study, with 194 (20.4%) patients in the prospective protocol group. There were no baseline differences between cohorts. Preoperatively, only femoral neck fracture patients receiving FIRA used fewer MME (P < 0.001). Postoperatively, femoral neck fracture patients receiving FIRA used fewer MME on postoperative day (POD) 1 (P = 0.027) and intertrochanteric fracture patients used fewer MME on POD1 and POD2 (P = 0.013; P = 0.002). Cephalomedullary nail patients receiving FIRA used fewer MME on POD1 and POD2 (P = 0.004; P = 0.003). Hip arthroplasty patients receiving FIRA used fewer MME on POD1 (P = 0.037). Percutaneous pinning and sliding hip screw patients had no significant MME reduction from FIRA.Conclusions:Preoperatively, patients with femoral neck fractures benefit most from FIRA. Postoperatively, both patients with femoral neck fractures and intertrochanteric fractures benefit from FIRA. Patients undergoing cephalomedullary nail fixation or hip arthroplasty benefit most from FIRA postoperatively.Level of Evidence:Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-475
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of orthopaedic trauma
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • fascia iliaca block
  • hip fracture
  • opioid use
  • pain
  • regional anesthesia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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