Fatigue in Nondialysis Chronic Kidney Disease: Correlates and Association with Kidney Outcomes

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Abstract

Background: Fatigue, although common and associated with outcomes in dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD), has not been studied in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD-ND) patients. Methods: In this longitudinal cohort of 266 outpatients with CKD-ND stages 2-5, we measured self-reported fatigue on 3 scales-Quick Inventory of Depression Symptomatology-Self Report (QIDS-SR16), Beck Depression Inventory-I (BDI-I), and short form 12 health survey (SF-12) questionnaires and evaluated the prespecified composite of progression to dialysis initiation, death, or hospitalization after 12 months. Logistic and linear regression assessed characteristics associated with fatigue. Survival analysis measured associations of fatigue with outcomes. Results: Mean age was 64.4 ± 12.0 years, and mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 31.6 ± 16.7 mL/min/1.73 m2. Fatigue was common, with 69.2% reporting fatigue on QIDS-SR16 and 77.7% on BDI-I. Unemployment, comorbidities, use of antidepressant medications, and lower hemoglobin correlated with fatigue. There were 126 outcome events. Participants that reported any versus no fatigue on QIDS-SR16 were more likely to reach the composite, hazard ratio (HR) 1.70 (95% CI 1.11-2.59), which persisted after adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, substance abuse, hemoglobin, albumin, eGFR, and calcium-phosphorus product, HR 1.63 (1.05-2.55). Fatigue severity by the SF-12 was also associated with outcomes independent of demographics, comorbidities, and substance abuse, HR per unit increase 1.18 (1.03-1.35). No association was observed with fatigue on the BDI-I. Conclusion: Fatigue affected about 2/3 of CKD-ND patients and associated with unemployment, comorbidities, antidepressant medication use, and anemia. Fatigue measured by the QIDS-SR16 and SF-12 independently predicted outcomes in CKD patients. Eliciting the presence of fatigue may be a clinically significant prognostic assessment in CKD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Fatigue
Kidney
Comorbidity
Unemployment
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Antidepressive Agents
Substance-Related Disorders
Dialysis
Hemoglobins
Demography
Depression
Equipment and Supplies
Survival Analysis
Health Surveys
Phosphorus
Self Report
Anemia
Albumins
Linear Models

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Fatigue
  • Hospitalization
  • Mortality
  • Outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

@article{b23062834cd54cf7ad1621d1d292d10d,
title = "Fatigue in Nondialysis Chronic Kidney Disease: Correlates and Association with Kidney Outcomes",
abstract = "Background: Fatigue, although common and associated with outcomes in dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD), has not been studied in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD-ND) patients. Methods: In this longitudinal cohort of 266 outpatients with CKD-ND stages 2-5, we measured self-reported fatigue on 3 scales-Quick Inventory of Depression Symptomatology-Self Report (QIDS-SR16), Beck Depression Inventory-I (BDI-I), and short form 12 health survey (SF-12) questionnaires and evaluated the prespecified composite of progression to dialysis initiation, death, or hospitalization after 12 months. Logistic and linear regression assessed characteristics associated with fatigue. Survival analysis measured associations of fatigue with outcomes. Results: Mean age was 64.4 ± 12.0 years, and mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 31.6 ± 16.7 mL/min/1.73 m2. Fatigue was common, with 69.2{\%} reporting fatigue on QIDS-SR16 and 77.7{\%} on BDI-I. Unemployment, comorbidities, use of antidepressant medications, and lower hemoglobin correlated with fatigue. There were 126 outcome events. Participants that reported any versus no fatigue on QIDS-SR16 were more likely to reach the composite, hazard ratio (HR) 1.70 (95{\%} CI 1.11-2.59), which persisted after adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, substance abuse, hemoglobin, albumin, eGFR, and calcium-phosphorus product, HR 1.63 (1.05-2.55). Fatigue severity by the SF-12 was also associated with outcomes independent of demographics, comorbidities, and substance abuse, HR per unit increase 1.18 (1.03-1.35). No association was observed with fatigue on the BDI-I. Conclusion: Fatigue affected about 2/3 of CKD-ND patients and associated with unemployment, comorbidities, antidepressant medication use, and anemia. Fatigue measured by the QIDS-SR16 and SF-12 independently predicted outcomes in CKD patients. Eliciting the presence of fatigue may be a clinically significant prognostic assessment in CKD patients.",
keywords = "Chronic kidney disease, Fatigue, Hospitalization, Mortality, Outcomes",
author = "Gregg, {L. Parker} and Nishank Jain and Thomas Carmody and Minhajuddin, {Abu T.} and Rush, {A. John} and Trivedi, {Madhukar H.} and {Susan Hedayati}, S.",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1159/000500668",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "American Journal of Nephrology",
issn = "0250-8095",
publisher = "S. Karger AG",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fatigue in Nondialysis Chronic Kidney Disease

T2 - Correlates and Association with Kidney Outcomes

AU - Gregg, L. Parker

AU - Jain, Nishank

AU - Carmody, Thomas

AU - Minhajuddin, Abu T.

AU - Rush, A. John

AU - Trivedi, Madhukar H.

AU - Susan Hedayati, S.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Background: Fatigue, although common and associated with outcomes in dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD), has not been studied in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD-ND) patients. Methods: In this longitudinal cohort of 266 outpatients with CKD-ND stages 2-5, we measured self-reported fatigue on 3 scales-Quick Inventory of Depression Symptomatology-Self Report (QIDS-SR16), Beck Depression Inventory-I (BDI-I), and short form 12 health survey (SF-12) questionnaires and evaluated the prespecified composite of progression to dialysis initiation, death, or hospitalization after 12 months. Logistic and linear regression assessed characteristics associated with fatigue. Survival analysis measured associations of fatigue with outcomes. Results: Mean age was 64.4 ± 12.0 years, and mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 31.6 ± 16.7 mL/min/1.73 m2. Fatigue was common, with 69.2% reporting fatigue on QIDS-SR16 and 77.7% on BDI-I. Unemployment, comorbidities, use of antidepressant medications, and lower hemoglobin correlated with fatigue. There were 126 outcome events. Participants that reported any versus no fatigue on QIDS-SR16 were more likely to reach the composite, hazard ratio (HR) 1.70 (95% CI 1.11-2.59), which persisted after adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, substance abuse, hemoglobin, albumin, eGFR, and calcium-phosphorus product, HR 1.63 (1.05-2.55). Fatigue severity by the SF-12 was also associated with outcomes independent of demographics, comorbidities, and substance abuse, HR per unit increase 1.18 (1.03-1.35). No association was observed with fatigue on the BDI-I. Conclusion: Fatigue affected about 2/3 of CKD-ND patients and associated with unemployment, comorbidities, antidepressant medication use, and anemia. Fatigue measured by the QIDS-SR16 and SF-12 independently predicted outcomes in CKD patients. Eliciting the presence of fatigue may be a clinically significant prognostic assessment in CKD patients.

AB - Background: Fatigue, although common and associated with outcomes in dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD), has not been studied in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD-ND) patients. Methods: In this longitudinal cohort of 266 outpatients with CKD-ND stages 2-5, we measured self-reported fatigue on 3 scales-Quick Inventory of Depression Symptomatology-Self Report (QIDS-SR16), Beck Depression Inventory-I (BDI-I), and short form 12 health survey (SF-12) questionnaires and evaluated the prespecified composite of progression to dialysis initiation, death, or hospitalization after 12 months. Logistic and linear regression assessed characteristics associated with fatigue. Survival analysis measured associations of fatigue with outcomes. Results: Mean age was 64.4 ± 12.0 years, and mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 31.6 ± 16.7 mL/min/1.73 m2. Fatigue was common, with 69.2% reporting fatigue on QIDS-SR16 and 77.7% on BDI-I. Unemployment, comorbidities, use of antidepressant medications, and lower hemoglobin correlated with fatigue. There were 126 outcome events. Participants that reported any versus no fatigue on QIDS-SR16 were more likely to reach the composite, hazard ratio (HR) 1.70 (95% CI 1.11-2.59), which persisted after adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, substance abuse, hemoglobin, albumin, eGFR, and calcium-phosphorus product, HR 1.63 (1.05-2.55). Fatigue severity by the SF-12 was also associated with outcomes independent of demographics, comorbidities, and substance abuse, HR per unit increase 1.18 (1.03-1.35). No association was observed with fatigue on the BDI-I. Conclusion: Fatigue affected about 2/3 of CKD-ND patients and associated with unemployment, comorbidities, antidepressant medication use, and anemia. Fatigue measured by the QIDS-SR16 and SF-12 independently predicted outcomes in CKD patients. Eliciting the presence of fatigue may be a clinically significant prognostic assessment in CKD patients.

KW - Chronic kidney disease

KW - Fatigue

KW - Hospitalization

KW - Mortality

KW - Outcomes

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SN - 0250-8095

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