Fatty acid oxidation in normotriglyceridemic men

Brian Benjamin, Yasuyo Wada, Scott M. Grundy, Magdalene Szuszkiewicz-Garcia, Gloria Lena Vega

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Moderate hypertriglyceridemia is frequently associated with central obesity, insulin resistance, and atherogenic dyslipidemia. We showed previously that moderately obese men with hypertriglyceridemia have reduced fatty acid oxidation postabsorptively and postprandially. In the present study, we examined the oxidation of fatty acids in normotriglyceridemic men. Objective: The study objective was to determine the relation between plasma triglyceride levels and fatty acid oxidation in normotriglyceridemic men. Study design: Twenty-four healthy, nonobese White and African American men participated in a cross-sectional metabolic study for evaluation of fatty acid oxidation. Men were healthy, and none took hypolipidemic or hypoglycemic agents. They ingested 200 mg of fat/hour/kg of body weight over a 10-hour period. Plasma levels of triglyceride, nonesterified fatty acids, 3-β-hydroxybutyrate, insulin, and glucagon were measured postabsorptively and postprandially. Chylomicron-triglyceride halflife was also calculated. Results: Nonobese White and African-American men had similar anthropometry, levels of plasma triglyceride, lipoprotein cholesterol, nonesterified fatty acids, 3-β-hydroxybutyrate, insulin, and glucagon postabsorptively and postprandially. For the group as a whole, there was a positive and significant correlation between plasma fatty acids and 3-β-hydroxybutyrate and an inverse association between plasma triglyceride levels and 3-β-hydroxybutyrate at baseline. All subjects had increased levels of metabolites of interest postprandially. However, there were no significant changes in plasma insulin, glucagon, or the ratio of insulin to glucagon. The postprandial levels of 3-β-hydroxybutyrate correlated positively with nonesterified fatty acids and inversely with the half-life of chylomicron triglyceride. Conclusion: Normotriglyceridemia is strongly associated with oxidation of fatty acids by the liver suggesting the possibility that the fatty acid oxidation pathway is a potential target of intervention to prevent hypertriglyceridemia and concomitant fatty liver.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Clinical Lipidology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Aug 12 2015

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3-Hydroxybutyric Acid
Fatty Acids
Triglycerides
Glucagon
Hypertriglyceridemia
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Insulin
Chylomicrons
Fatty Liver
African Americans
Half-Life
Hypolipidemic Agents
Anthropometry
Abdominal Obesity
Dyslipidemias
Hypoglycemic Agents
Insulin Resistance
Cross-Sectional Studies
Fats
Body Weight

Keywords

  • 3-β-hydroxybutyrate
  • Chylomicron half-life
  • Fatty acid oxidation
  • Normotriglyceridemia
  • Postprandial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Fatty acid oxidation in normotriglyceridemic men. / Benjamin, Brian; Wada, Yasuyo; Grundy, Scott M.; Szuszkiewicz-Garcia, Magdalene; Vega, Gloria Lena.

In: Journal of Clinical Lipidology, 12.08.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Benjamin, Brian ; Wada, Yasuyo ; Grundy, Scott M. ; Szuszkiewicz-Garcia, Magdalene ; Vega, Gloria Lena. / Fatty acid oxidation in normotriglyceridemic men. In: Journal of Clinical Lipidology. 2015.
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AB - Background: Moderate hypertriglyceridemia is frequently associated with central obesity, insulin resistance, and atherogenic dyslipidemia. We showed previously that moderately obese men with hypertriglyceridemia have reduced fatty acid oxidation postabsorptively and postprandially. In the present study, we examined the oxidation of fatty acids in normotriglyceridemic men. Objective: The study objective was to determine the relation between plasma triglyceride levels and fatty acid oxidation in normotriglyceridemic men. Study design: Twenty-four healthy, nonobese White and African American men participated in a cross-sectional metabolic study for evaluation of fatty acid oxidation. Men were healthy, and none took hypolipidemic or hypoglycemic agents. They ingested 200 mg of fat/hour/kg of body weight over a 10-hour period. Plasma levels of triglyceride, nonesterified fatty acids, 3-β-hydroxybutyrate, insulin, and glucagon were measured postabsorptively and postprandially. Chylomicron-triglyceride halflife was also calculated. Results: Nonobese White and African-American men had similar anthropometry, levels of plasma triglyceride, lipoprotein cholesterol, nonesterified fatty acids, 3-β-hydroxybutyrate, insulin, and glucagon postabsorptively and postprandially. For the group as a whole, there was a positive and significant correlation between plasma fatty acids and 3-β-hydroxybutyrate and an inverse association between plasma triglyceride levels and 3-β-hydroxybutyrate at baseline. All subjects had increased levels of metabolites of interest postprandially. However, there were no significant changes in plasma insulin, glucagon, or the ratio of insulin to glucagon. The postprandial levels of 3-β-hydroxybutyrate correlated positively with nonesterified fatty acids and inversely with the half-life of chylomicron triglyceride. Conclusion: Normotriglyceridemia is strongly associated with oxidation of fatty acids by the liver suggesting the possibility that the fatty acid oxidation pathway is a potential target of intervention to prevent hypertriglyceridemia and concomitant fatty liver.

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KW - Normotriglyceridemia

KW - Postprandial

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