Fe(0) was investigated as a cost-effective, environmentally friendly alternative to Cr(II) for the olefination of carbonyls by activated polyhalides. In many instances, Fe(0) was equivalent or superior to Cr(II). Notably, Fe(0), but not Cr(II), proved compatible with a wide range of functionality, inter alia, unprotected phenol, aryl nitro, carboxylic acid, and alkyl nitrile. A surprising reversal of stereoselectivity for aldehydes versus ketones was observed using both metals. The resultant α-halo-α,β- unsaturated or α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids, esters, and nitriles are common structural elements in numerous compounds of interest as well as key intermediates in the preparation of other functionality.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry