Ferredoxin reductase and p53 are necessary for lipid homeostasis and tumor suppression through the ABCA1–SREBP pathway

Yanhong Zhang, Shakur Mohibi, Demitria M. Vasilatis, Mingyi Chen, Jin Zhang, Xinbin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

p53 is known to modulate metabolism and FDXR is required for steroidogenesis. Given that FDXR is a target/regulator of p53, the FDXR–p53 axis may play a unique role in lipid metabolism. Here, we found that expression of ABCA1, a cholesterol-efflux pump, was suppressed by loss of FDXR and/or p53, leading to activation of master lipogenic regulators SREBP1/2. Accordingly, lipid droplets, cholesterol, and triglycerides were increased by loss of FDXR or p53, which were further increased by loss of both FDXR and p53. To explore the biological significance of the FDXR–p53 axis, we generated a cohort of mice deficient in Fdxr and/or Trp53. We found that Fdxr+/−, Trp53+/−, and Fdxr+/−;Trp53+/− mice had a short life span and were prone to spontaneous tumors and liver steatosis. Moreover, the levels of serum cholesterol and triglycerides were significantly increased in Fdxr+/− and Trp53+/− mice, which were further increased in Fdxr+/−;Trp53+/− mice. Interestingly, loss of Fdxr but not p53 led to accumulation of serum low-density lipoprotein. Together, our findings reveal that the FDXR–p53 axis plays a critical role in lipid homeostasis and tumor suppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1718-1726
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume41
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 18 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ferredoxin reductase and p53 are necessary for lipid homeostasis and tumor suppression through the ABCA1–SREBP pathway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this