Fetal bovine acellular dermal matrix for the closure of diabetic foot ulcers: A prospective randomised controlled trial

PriMatrix Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this clinical trial was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a fetal bovine acellular dermal matrix (FBADM) plus standard of care (SOC) for treating hard-to-heal diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). Method: A prospective, multi-centre, randomised controlled trial was carried out. The study included a 2-week run-in period, a 12-week treatment phase and a 4-week follow-up phase. The primary endpoint was complete wound closure at 12 weeks. Results: Twenty-one US sites enrolled and randomised 226 patients with hard-to-heal DFUs. The study was terminated early due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which led to a modified intent-to-treat (mITT) population of 207 patients, with 103 in the FBADM group and 104 in the SOC group. Of these participants, 161 completed the study per protocol (mPP population), with 79 receiving FBADM, and 82 without. At the first analysis point, patients treated with FBADM were found to be significantly more likely to achieve complete wound closure compared with SOC alone (mITT: 45.6% versus 27.9%; p=0.008; mPP: 59.5% versus 35.6%; p=0.002). The difference in outcome yielded an odds ratio of 2.2 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.2, 3.9; p=0.008). Median time to closure within 12 weeks was 43 days for the FBADM group compared to 57 days for the SOC group (p=0.36). The median number of applications of FBADM to achieve closure was one. Adverse events were similar between groups and no product-related serious adverse events occurred. Conclusions: These results indicate that in many cases a single application of FBADM in conjunction with SOC offers a safe, faster and more effective treatment of DFUs than SOC alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S18-S27
JournalJournal of wound care
Volume30
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

Keywords

  • Acellular dermal matrix
  • ADM
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetic foot ulcers
  • Dressing
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Fetal bovine acellular dermal matrix
  • Randomised controlled trial
  • Skin substitute
  • Wound
  • Wounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fundamentals and skills
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

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