FGF14 regulates the intrinsic excitability of cerebellar Purkinje neurons

Vikram G. Shakkottai, Maolei Xiao, Lin Xu, Michael Wong, Jeanne M. Nerbonne, David M. Ornitz, Kelvin A. Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A missense mutation in the fibroblast growth factor 14 (FGF14) gene underlies SCA27, an autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia in humans. Mice with a targeted disruption of the Fgf14 locus (Fgf14-/-) develop ataxia resembling human SCA27. We tested the hypothesis that loss of FGF14 affects the firing properties of Purkinje neurons, which play an important role in motor control and coordination. Current clamp recordings from Purkinje neurons in cerebellar slices revealed attenuated spontaneous firing in Fgf14-/- neurons. Unlike in the wild type animals, more than 80% of Fgf14-/- Purkinje neurons were quiescent and failed to fire repetitively in response to depolarizing current injections. Immunohistochemical examination revealed reduced expression of Nav1.6 protein in Fgf14-/- Purkinje neurons. Together, these observations suggest that FGF14 is required for normal Nav1.6 expression in Purkinje neurons, and that the loss of FGF14 impairs spontaneous and repetitive firing in Purkinje neurons by altering the expression of Nav1.6 channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-88
Number of pages8
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Intracellular fibroblast growth factor 14 (iFGF14)
  • Nav 1.6
  • Purkinje neurons
  • SCA27
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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