Fibulin-5, an integrin-binding matricellular protein: Its function in development and disease

Hiromi Yanagisawa, Marie K. Schluterman, Rolf A. Brekken

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Interactions between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cells are critical in embryonic development, tissue homeostasis, physiological remodeling, and tumorigenesis. Matricellular proteins, a group of ECM components, mediate cell-ECM interactions. One such molecule, Fibulin-5 is a 66-kDa glycoprotein secreted by various cell types, including vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs), fibroblasts, and endothelial cells. Fibulin-5 contributes to the formation of elastic fibers by binding to structural components including tropoelastin and fibrillin-1, and to cross-linking enzymes, aiding elastic fiber assembly. Mice deficient in the fibulin-5 gene (Fbln5) exhibit systemic elastic fiber defects with manifestations of loose skin, tortuous aorta, emphysematous lung and genital prolapse. Although Fbln5 expression is down-regulated after birth, following the completion of elastic fiber formation, expression is reactivated upon tissue injury, affecting diverse cellular functions independent of its elastogenic function. Fibulin-5 contains an evolutionally conserved arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) motif in the N-terminal region, which mediates binding to a subset of integrins, including α5β1, αvβ3, and αvβ5. Fibulin-5 enhances substrate attachment of endothelial cells, while inhibiting migration and proliferation in a cell type- and context-dependent manner. The antagonistic function of fibulin-5 in angiogenesis has been demonstrated in vitro and in vivo; fibulin-5 may block angiogenesis by inducing the anti-angiogenic molecule thrompospondin-1, by antagonizing VEGF165-mediated signaling, and/or by antagonizing fibronectin-mediated signaling through directly binding and blocking the α5β1 fibronectin receptor. The overall effect of fibulin-5 on tumor growth depends on the balance between the inhibitory property of fibulin-5 on angiogenesis and the direct effect of fibulin-5 on proliferation and migration of tumor cells. However, the effect of tumor-derived versus host microenvironment-derived fibulin-5 remains to be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-347
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cell Communication and Signaling
Volume3
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 8 2009

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Cutis laxa
  • Elastic fibers
  • Fibronectin
  • Fibulin
  • Integrin
  • ROS
  • Thrombospondin
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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