Fic-mediated deAMPylation is not dependent on homodimerization and rescues toxic AMPylation in flies

X. Amanda K. Casey, Andrew T. Moehlman, Junmei Zhang, Kelly A. Servage, X. Helmut Krämer, X. Kim Orth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protein chaperones play a critical role in proteostasis. The activity of the major endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP (GRP78) is regulated by Fic-mediated AMPylation during resting states. By contrast, during times of stress, BiP is deAMPylated. Here, we show that excessive AMPylation by a constitutively active FicE247G mutant is lethal in Drosophila. This lethality is cell-Autonomous, as directed expression of the mutant FicE247G to the fly eye does not kill the fly but rather results in a rough and reduced eye. Lethality and eye phenotypes are rescued by the deAMPylation activity of wild-Type Fic. Consistent with Fic acting as a deAMPylation enzyme, its activity was both time-And concentration-dependent. Furthermore, Fic deAMPylation activity was sufficient to suppress the AMPylation activity mediated by the constitutively active FicE247G mutant in Drosophila S2 lysates. Further, we show that the dual enzymatic activity of Fic is, in part, regulated by Fic dimerization, as loss of this dimerization increases AMPylation and reduces deAMPylation of BiP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21193-21204
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume292
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 22 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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