Food allergy as a risk factor for asthma morbidity in adults

Stephen H. Berns, Ethan A. Halm, Hugh A. Sampson, Scott H. Sicherer, Paula J. Busse, Juan P. Wisnivesky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between food allergy and asthma morbidity in adults. Methods. We interviewed a cohort of persistent asthmatics from an inner-city clinic. Allergies to food were assessed by patient report of convincing symptoms of acute allergic reactions. Outcome variables included health resource utilization and medication use. Results. The prevalence of allergy to fish, peanut, tree-nut, shellfish, and seed allergies were 3%, 3%, 3%, 13%, and 1%. Patients with allergies to > 1 food had increased asthma hospitalizations, ED visits, and use of oral steroids (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). Specifically, allergy to fish was associated with a greater risk of health resource utilization and increased frequency of oral steroid use (p ≤ 0.03 for all comparisons). Conclusions. Self-reported allergy to foods was associated with worse outcomes, suggesting that food allergy may be a risk factor for increased asthma morbidity in adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-381
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Food allergy
  • Morbidity
  • Outcomes
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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    Berns, S. H., Halm, E. A., Sampson, H. A., Sicherer, S. H., Busse, P. J., & Wisnivesky, J. P. (2007). Food allergy as a risk factor for asthma morbidity in adults. Journal of Asthma, 44(5), 377-381. https://doi.org/10.1080/02770900701364031