Fractionated CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiotherapy for Perioptic Pituitary Adenomas

Aaron R. Plitt, Tarek Y. El Ahmadieh, Salah G. Aoun, Zabi Wardak, Samuel L. Barnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is the reference standard for radiotherapy for pituitary adenomas but has been limited to lesions with sufficient distance (i.e., >3 mm) from the optic apparatus. We used marginless, fractionated (i.e., 25–28 fractions) stereotactic radiotherapy and the CyberKnife to treat pituitary adenomas that were not eligible for SRS. We present the clinical outcomes, including local control, endocrine function, and toxicity from modern fractionated radiotherapy. Methods: A total of 53 patients were treated for pituitary adenomas within 3 mm of the optic apparatus. The primary endpoint was tumor control with the secondary endpoints of vision and pituitary function preservation and endocrine control in hormone-secreting tumors. Results: The tumor control rate as measured on magnetic resonance imaging as either stable or decreased in size was 98.1% (52 of 53) at a mean follow-up of 32.5 months (range, 3–77). All patients experienced preservation or improvement of their preexisting vision status. No change in pituitary function was noted in 52 of the 53 patients (98.1%). One patient experienced worsening of pituitary function secondary to pituitary apoplexy that occurred 4 months after treatment. The endocrine control rate in hormone-secreting tumors was 75% (6 of 8). Conclusions: Marginless, fractionated CyberKnife radiotherapy demonstrated excellent local tumor control and endocrine control rates, comparable to those with SRS, with preservation of vision in patients with adenomas in close proximity to the optic pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • CyberKnife
  • Fractionated
  • Perioptic
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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