Postoperative decompensation has been reported following Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation for right thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. The authors examined balance in the frontal and sagittal planes in 53 patients to determine optimal levels for fusion. King et al Type II curves, particularly larger ones, shifted to the left when the thoracic curve was fused to the stable vertebra or just below. Most Type III curves balanced well regardless of the levels fused. One-third of all patients developed mild radiographic junctional kyphosis at the lower level instrumented, more commonly when instrumentation ended at or above T12. The authors recommend fusing one segment short of the stable vertebra in most Type II curves. Large Type II curves need both curves fused for optimal balance. Type III curves can be fused short of the stable vertebra.
- Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation
- Junctional kyphosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Clinical Neurology