Fulminant myocarditis is an inflammatory process that occurs in the myocardium and causes acute-onset heart failure. If patients with fulminant myocarditis are aggressively supported in a timely manner, nearly all can have an excellent recovery. In this Review, we discuss the clinical and histological distinguishing features of fulminant myocarditis and contrast this disease entity with nonfulminant myocarditis. The epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, methods of diagnosis, management options and prognosis of fulminant myocarditis are reviewed in detail.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine