Functional characterization of CLPTM1L as a lung cancer risk candidate gene in the 5p15.33 locus

Michael A. James, Weidong Wen, Yian Wang, Lauren A. Byers, John V. Heymach, Kevin R. Coombes, Luc Girard, John Minna, Ming You

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cleft Lip and Palate Transmembrane Protein 1-Like (CLPTM1L), resides in a region of chromosome 5 for which copy number gain has been found to be the most frequent genetic event in the early stages of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This locus has been found by multiple genome wide association studies to be associated with lung cancer in both smokers and non-smokers. CLPTM1L has been identified as an overexpressed protein in human ovarian tumor cell lines that are resistant to cisplatin, which is the only insight thus far into the function of CLPTM1L. Here we find CLPTM1L expression to be increased in lung adenocarcinomas compared to matched normal lung tissues and in lung tumor cell lines by mechanisms not exclusive to copy number gain. Upon loss of CLPTM1L accumulation in lung tumor cells, cisplatin and camptothecin induced apoptosis were increased in direct proportion to the level of CLPTM1L knockdown. Bcl-xL accumulation was significantly decreased upon loss of CLPTM1L. Expression of exogenous Bcl-xL abolished sensitization to apoptotic killing with CLPTM1L knockdown. These results demonstrate that CLPTM1L, an overexpressed protein in lung tumor cells, protects from genotoxic stress induced apoptosis through regulation of Bcl-xL. Thus, this study implicates anti-apoptotic CLPTM1L function as a potential mechanism of susceptibility to lung tumorigenesis and resistance to chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere36116
JournalPloS one
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 4 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    James, M. A., Wen, W., Wang, Y., Byers, L. A., Heymach, J. V., Coombes, K. R., Girard, L., Minna, J., & You, M. (2012). Functional characterization of CLPTM1L as a lung cancer risk candidate gene in the 5p15.33 locus. PloS one, 7(6), [e36116]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036116