Functional mapping of Ca2+ signaling complexes in plasma membrane microdomains of polarized cells

Qin Li, Xiang Luo, Shmuel Muallem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many cells cluster signaling complexes in plasma membrane microdomains. Polarized secretory cells cluster all Ca2+ signaling proteins, including GPCRs, at the apical pole. The functional significance of such an arrangement is not known because of a lack of techniques for functional mapping of signaling complexes at plasma membrane patches. In the present work, we developed such a technique based on the use of two patch pipettes, a recording and a stimulating pipette (SP). Including 20% glycerol in the SP solution increased the viscosity and the hydrophobicity to prevent leakage and formation of tight seals on the plasma membrane. This allowed moving the SP between sites to stimulate multiple patches of the same cell and with the same agonist concentrations. Functional mapping of Ca2+ signaling in pancreatic acinar cells revealed that the M3, cholecystokinin, and bombesin signaling complexes at the apical pole are much more sensitive to stimulation than those at the basal pole. Furthermore, at physiological agonist concentrations, Ca 2+ signals could be evoked only by stimulation of membrane patches at the apical pole. [Ca2+]i imaging revealed that Ca 2+ waves were invariably initiated at the site of apical membrane patch stimulation, suggesting that long range diffusion of second messengers is not obligatory to initiate and propagate apical-to-basal Ca2+ waves. The present studies reveal a remarkable heterogeneity in responsiveness of Ca2+ signaling complexes at membrane microdomains, with the most responsive complexes confined to the apical pole, probably to restrict the Ca2+ signals to the site of exocytosis and allow the polarized functions of secretory cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27837-27840
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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