Further examination of alveolar septal adaptation to left pneumonectomy in the adult lung

Connie C W Hsia, Robert L. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent data from our laboratory are presented concerning alveolar septal adaptation following 42-45% lung resection by left pneumonectomy (PNX) in adult foxhounds compared to sham-operated control animals. Results confirm our previous conclusion that compensation in the remaining lung occurs without a net growth of additional alveolar septal tissue. The major ultrastructural responses are (a) alveolar capillary distention, which recruits capillary blood volume and surface area, leading to a 30-50% increase in lung diffusing capacity estimated by morphometry, a magnitude similar to that measured by physiologic methods; (b) a selectively increased volume of type 2 alveolar epithelial cells. These data, taken together with the balanced compensatory growth of alveolar septal cells observed in adult dogs following 55-58% lung resection by right PNX, support a graded alveolar cellular response to chronic mechanical strain with the alveolar epithelial cells being activated first; as strain increases further with greater lung resection other alveolar cells also become activated leading to an overt increase in septal tissue volume. The spatial distribution of lobar mechanical strain and lobar tissue volume assessed by high resolution computed tomography was markedly non-uniform after PNX, suggesting possible non-uniform distribution of alveolar cellular response. The sequential activation of physiologic recruitment and cellular adaptation confer additive functional benefits that optimize long-term exercise performance after PNX.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-177
Number of pages11
JournalRespiratory Physiology and Neurobiology
Volume151
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 28 2006

Keywords

  • Alveolar capillary recruitment
  • Compensatory lung growth
  • Diffusing capacity
  • High resolution computed tomography
  • Lung resection
  • Morphometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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