The role of local therapy as a sole therapy or part of a combined approach in treating metastatic cancer continues to evolve. The most obvious requirements for prudent implementation of local therapies like stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SAbR) to become mainstream in treating oligometastases are (1) Clear guidance as to what particular patients might benefit, and (2) Confirmation of improvements in outcome after such treatments via clinical trials. These future directional requirements are non-negotiable. However, innovation and research offer many more opportunities to understand and improve therapy. Identifying candidates and personalizing their therapy can be afforded via proteomic, genomic and epigenomic characterization techniques. Such molecular profiling along with liquid biopsy opportunities will both help select best therapies and facilitate ongoing monitoring of response. Technologies both to find targets and help deliver less-toxic therapy continue to improve and will be available in the marketplace. These technologies include molecular-based imaging (eg, PET-PSMA), FLASH ultra-high dose rate platforms, Grid therapy, PULSAR adaptive dosing, and MRI/PET guided linear accelerators. Importantly, a treatment approach beyond oligometastastic could evolve including a rationale for using SAbR in the oligoprogressive, oligononresponsive, oligobulky and oligolethal settings as well as expansion beyond oligo- toward even plurimetastastic disease. In any case, lessons learned and experiences required by the implementation of using SAbR in oligometastatic cancer will be revisited.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research