The endothelin B receptor (ETBR) has been shown to mediate autoinduction of endothelin-1 (ET-1). We previously reported that the ETBR interacts with Gα13, a member of the heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein family. In the present study, we examined whether Gα13, induces preproET-1 (ppET-1) gene transcription, which could result in ET-1 autoinduction in a renal epithelial cell line. We generated a reporter gene construct under control of the ppET-1 promoter region. The construct was transiently expressed in COS-7 cells. Transient expression of ETBR increased the promoter activity of ppET-1 following treatment with 100 nmol/l of ET-1. Expression of Gα13Q226L or GαqQ209L, constitutively active forms of Gα13 and Gαq, also activated the ppET-1 promoter. ETBR-stimulated ppET-1 promoter activity was partially diminished by the expression of dominant negative forms of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK1APF) or MAPK/ERK kinase (MEKK97M). Expression of JNK1APF also inhibited Gα13Q226L-induced ppET-1 promoter activation. These findings indicate that Gα13 can induce ppET-1 gene expression through a JNK-mediated pathway. Our results also suggest that this Gα13-coupled signaling pathway may play an important role in a sustained ET-1 autoinduction loop in various pathophysiological conditions.
- Endothelin receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine