The family of heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins (G proteins) serves an essential role in transducing receptor-generated signals across the plasma membrane. Recent findings reveal unexpected functional roles for individual G protein subunits. Thus, GTP-binding α-subunits and the βγ-subunit complex can influence the activity of effector molecules independently or simultaneously, either synergistically or in opposition, to elicit a complex constellation of cellular events.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology