For decades, phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns4P) was considered primarily as a precursor in the synthesis of phosphatidylinositol(4,5) bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2). More recently, specific functions for PtdIns4P itself have been identified, particularly in the regulation of intracellular membrane trafficking. PI4K2A/PI4KIIa(phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase type 2 a), one of the 4 enzymes that catalyze PtdIns4P production in mammalian cells, promotes vesicle formation from thetransGolgi network (TGN) and endosomes. We recently identified a novel function for PI4K2A-derived PtdIns4P, as a facilitator of autophagosome-lysosome (A-L) fusion. We further showed that that this function requires the presence of the autophagic adaptor protein GABARAP (GABA[A] receptor-associated protein), which binds to PI4K2A and recruits it to autophagosomes. The mechanism whereby GABARAP-PI4K2A-PtdIns4P promotes A-L fusion remains to be defined. Based on other examples of phosphoinositide involvement in membrane trafficking, we speculate that it acts by recruiting elements of the membrane docking and fusion machinery.
- Autophagosome-lysosome fusion
- Phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase IIa
- Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology