Gastrin-releasing peptide-induced down-regulation of tumor suppressor protein PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten) in neuroblastomas

Jingbo Qiao, Junghee Kang, Jeremy Cree, B. Mark Evers, Dai H. Chung, Kevin P. Lally, Max R. Langham, Joseph J. Tepas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate whether aggressive, undifferentiated neuroblastomas express tumor suppressor protein PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten) and to examine the effects of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) on PTEN gene and protein expression. Summary Background Data: We have previously shown that neuroblastomas secrete GRP, which binds to its cell surface receptor (GRP-R) to stimulate cell growth in an autocrine fashion. However, the effects of GRP on expression of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN have not been elucidated in neuroblastomas. Methods: Paraffin-embedded sections from human neuroblastomas were analyzed for PTEN and phospho-Akt protein expression by immunohistochemistry. Human neuroblastoma cell lines (SK-N-SH and SH-SY5Y) were stably transfected with the plasmid pEGFP-GRP-R to establish GRP-R overexpression cell lines, and the effects of GRP on PTEN gene and protein expression were determined. Results: A decrease in the ratio of PTEN to phospho-Akt protein expression was identified in poorly differentiated neuroblastomas. An increase in GRP binding capacity was confirmed in GRP-R overexpressing cells, which demonstrated an accelerated constitutive cell growth rate. PTEN gene and protein expression was significantly decreased in GRP-R overexpressing cells when compared with controls. Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate decreased expression of the tumor suppressor protein PTEN in more aggressive undifferentiated neuroblastomas. An increase in GRP binding capacity, as a result of GRP-R overexpression, down-regulates PTEN expression. These findings suggest that an inhibition of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN may be an important regulatory mechanism involved in GRP-induced cell proliferation in neuroblastomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)684-692
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume241
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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