Gastroschisis and low incidence of early-onset infection: a case for antimicrobial stewardship

Children’s Hospitals Neonatal Consortium Gastroschisis Focus Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Early onset infection (EOI) in gastroschisis is rare. Excess antibiotic exposure in neonates increases necrotizing enterocolitis and mortality. We evaluated antibiotic exposure and EOI in gastroschisis. Study design: Retrospective cohort analysis between 2010–2016 in the Children’s Hospital Neonatal Database. Included: Infants ≥32 weeks with gastroschisis admitted <48 h. Excluded: major anomalies or surgical intervention prior to admission. Primary outcome: EOI diagnosis (<72 h). Results: In 2021 patients with gastroschisis, median gestational age was 36 weeks (IQR 35, 37). 93.9% patients received empiric antibiotics after delivery, with median 7 days duration (IQR 3, 9). Only 13 patients (0.64%) had early positive blood culture. The rate of late onset blood stream infection (7.08%) was higher, and higher in complex (18%) than simple gastroschisis (4.8%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Despite low incidence of EOI and risks of excess antibiotic exposure, neonates with gastroschisis are exposed to long courses of empiric antibiotics. These data should stimulate interinstitution work to improve antibiotic prescribing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Perinatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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