Background The role of gender on perioperative outcomes after fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (FEVAR) has not been established. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of gender on perioperative outcomes after FEVAR for complex abdominal aortic aneurysms using premanufactured devices. Methods During a 2-year period, 79 patients (63 men [80%] and 16 women [20%]) underwent FEVAR using Zenith Fenestrated AAA Endovascular Grafts, investigational Zenith pivot branch (p-branch) devices and fenestrated custom-made devices. A single-institutional study was performed to evaluate postoperative outcomes after FEVAR. The χ2, Fisher's, and nonparametric tests were used for bivariate analysis. Logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Results Median age was 73 years (interquartile range [IQR], 68-79 years). The median number of fenestrations was three. There was no difference in aneurysm anatomic location, size, or number of fenestrations between patients in either group. Women were more likely to undergo endoconduits at the access site before the target procedure (19% vs 2%; P =.02). The overall postoperative complication rate was similar among females and males (31% vs 33%; P >.5). However, women experienced longer times in the intensive care unit (median, 3 days [IQR, 2-5] vs 2 [IQR, 1-3]; P =.05) and longer duration of hospital stay (median, 4.5 days [IQR, 3-6.5] vs 3 [IQR, 2-4]; P <.01). Similarly, the rate of reinterventions was higher among women, 25% vs 5% (P =.02). For renal adverse events, there was a trend for a higher rate of renal function deterioration based in creatinine levels among women, when compared with men (18% vs 5%; P =.09). Multivariate analysis showed that female gender was associated with a 8-fold increased risk of renal function deterioration (odds ratio, 8.1; 95% confidence interval, 6.1-10.8). Female gender was also identified as in independent factor for reinterventions at 30 days (odds ratio, 7.4; 95% confidence interval, 6.7-8.1). Conclusions FEVAR is a safe and effective procedure for patients at high and standard risk for open repair who are not eligible for standard EVAR. Women are at greater risk for more severe renal function deterioration, early reinterventions and longer durations of hospital and intensive care unit stay.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine