Gender differences in the self-assessment of surgical residents

Rebecca M. Minter, Larry D. Gruppen, Kelly S. Napolitano, Paul G. Gauger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Scopus citations


Background: Despite equivalent performance as assessed by objective external measures, women tend to underestimate their abilities compared with their male counterparts. Methods: The difference in ordinal values from faculty and resident self-evaluations was calculated for each general and plastic surgery resident. Objective external performance measures were compared for female and male residents. Results: Male and female residents performed equivalently. All residents underestimated their abilities compared with faculty assessment; however, general surgery residents did so to a greater degree (P < .05). Female residents demonstrated a greater degree of underestimation than did their male colleagues; however, this was not statistically significant. Conclusions: Although female resident surgeons are generally confident in their abilities, this may be in contrast to the self-perception of many female medical students. Consideration of gender differences in self-perception may be important when providing feedback to female students and residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)647-650
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005



  • Competency
  • Evaluation
  • Gender
  • Resident
  • Self-assessment
  • Self-perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Minter, R. M., Gruppen, L. D., Napolitano, K. S., & Gauger, P. G. (2005). Gender differences in the self-assessment of surgical residents. American journal of surgery, 189(6), 647-650.