Gender identity development among transgender and gender nonconforming emerging adults: An intersectional approach

L. E. Kuper, L. Wright, B. Mustanski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The present study used an intersectional framework to elucidate similarities and differences in the gender-related experiences reported by a diverse sample of transgender and gender nonconforming emerging adults (n = 20, age 19–22). The first aim was to identify dimensions of gender-related experience that captured how participants describe, relate to, and express their gender-related sense of self. The second aim was to identify intrapersonal processes that supported the development of participants' gender-related sense of self across these dimensions. Methods: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted and data was analyzed using an inductive process of constructivist grounded theory. Results: Dimensions of gender-related experience included gender identity (e.g., internal sense of one's gender, how one wishes others to perceive their gender, gender identity labels), gender presentation (e.g., clothing, make-up, style), gender expression (e.g., role in relationships and interactions, interests/activities, personality), and physical self-image (e.g., desired primary and secondary sex characteristics). Intrapersonal processes included awareness, exploration, meaning making, and integration. Being able to fully express one's gender and having this sense of self accurately reflected back by others was important to all participants. However, much variation existed in gender-related experience, including how participants described their internal sense of self, expressed and communicated this sense of self, and related to others of similar and different genders. Conclusion: The intersectional approaches of both intercategorical and intracategorical complexity were useful in conceptualizing these similarities and differences in experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Transgenderism
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 12 2018

Fingerprint

gender
experience
clothing
qualitative interview
grounded theory
self-image
personality
interaction

Keywords

  • Gender development
  • gender identity
  • identity development
  • intersectionality
  • sexual orientation
  • transgender
  • transsexualism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies

Cite this

@article{7d4f649759874cf6bf0ed0ac75996f94,
title = "Gender identity development among transgender and gender nonconforming emerging adults: An intersectional approach",
abstract = "Background: The present study used an intersectional framework to elucidate similarities and differences in the gender-related experiences reported by a diverse sample of transgender and gender nonconforming emerging adults (n = 20, age 19–22). The first aim was to identify dimensions of gender-related experience that captured how participants describe, relate to, and express their gender-related sense of self. The second aim was to identify intrapersonal processes that supported the development of participants' gender-related sense of self across these dimensions. Methods: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted and data was analyzed using an inductive process of constructivist grounded theory. Results: Dimensions of gender-related experience included gender identity (e.g., internal sense of one's gender, how one wishes others to perceive their gender, gender identity labels), gender presentation (e.g., clothing, make-up, style), gender expression (e.g., role in relationships and interactions, interests/activities, personality), and physical self-image (e.g., desired primary and secondary sex characteristics). Intrapersonal processes included awareness, exploration, meaning making, and integration. Being able to fully express one's gender and having this sense of self accurately reflected back by others was important to all participants. However, much variation existed in gender-related experience, including how participants described their internal sense of self, expressed and communicated this sense of self, and related to others of similar and different genders. Conclusion: The intersectional approaches of both intercategorical and intracategorical complexity were useful in conceptualizing these similarities and differences in experience.",
keywords = "Gender development, gender identity, identity development, intersectionality, sexual orientation, transgender, transsexualism",
author = "Kuper, {L. E.} and L. Wright and B. Mustanski",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1080/15532739.2018.1443869",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--20",
journal = "International Journal of Transgenderism",
issn = "1434-4599",
publisher = "Haworth Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender identity development among transgender and gender nonconforming emerging adults

T2 - An intersectional approach

AU - Kuper, L. E.

AU - Wright, L.

AU - Mustanski, B.

PY - 2018/4/12

Y1 - 2018/4/12

N2 - Background: The present study used an intersectional framework to elucidate similarities and differences in the gender-related experiences reported by a diverse sample of transgender and gender nonconforming emerging adults (n = 20, age 19–22). The first aim was to identify dimensions of gender-related experience that captured how participants describe, relate to, and express their gender-related sense of self. The second aim was to identify intrapersonal processes that supported the development of participants' gender-related sense of self across these dimensions. Methods: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted and data was analyzed using an inductive process of constructivist grounded theory. Results: Dimensions of gender-related experience included gender identity (e.g., internal sense of one's gender, how one wishes others to perceive their gender, gender identity labels), gender presentation (e.g., clothing, make-up, style), gender expression (e.g., role in relationships and interactions, interests/activities, personality), and physical self-image (e.g., desired primary and secondary sex characteristics). Intrapersonal processes included awareness, exploration, meaning making, and integration. Being able to fully express one's gender and having this sense of self accurately reflected back by others was important to all participants. However, much variation existed in gender-related experience, including how participants described their internal sense of self, expressed and communicated this sense of self, and related to others of similar and different genders. Conclusion: The intersectional approaches of both intercategorical and intracategorical complexity were useful in conceptualizing these similarities and differences in experience.

AB - Background: The present study used an intersectional framework to elucidate similarities and differences in the gender-related experiences reported by a diverse sample of transgender and gender nonconforming emerging adults (n = 20, age 19–22). The first aim was to identify dimensions of gender-related experience that captured how participants describe, relate to, and express their gender-related sense of self. The second aim was to identify intrapersonal processes that supported the development of participants' gender-related sense of self across these dimensions. Methods: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted and data was analyzed using an inductive process of constructivist grounded theory. Results: Dimensions of gender-related experience included gender identity (e.g., internal sense of one's gender, how one wishes others to perceive their gender, gender identity labels), gender presentation (e.g., clothing, make-up, style), gender expression (e.g., role in relationships and interactions, interests/activities, personality), and physical self-image (e.g., desired primary and secondary sex characteristics). Intrapersonal processes included awareness, exploration, meaning making, and integration. Being able to fully express one's gender and having this sense of self accurately reflected back by others was important to all participants. However, much variation existed in gender-related experience, including how participants described their internal sense of self, expressed and communicated this sense of self, and related to others of similar and different genders. Conclusion: The intersectional approaches of both intercategorical and intracategorical complexity were useful in conceptualizing these similarities and differences in experience.

KW - Gender development

KW - gender identity

KW - identity development

KW - intersectionality

KW - sexual orientation

KW - transgender

KW - transsexualism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046033022&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85046033022&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15532739.2018.1443869

DO - 10.1080/15532739.2018.1443869

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85046033022

SP - 1

EP - 20

JO - International Journal of Transgenderism

JF - International Journal of Transgenderism

SN - 1434-4599

ER -