Two of four siblings expressed the salt-losing form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylasedeficiency (CAH) and had identical human lymphocyte antigen (HLA) and complement C4 (fourth component of complement) types (HLA -A3, C4, B35, C4A3, C4BQ0, DRl/A2, C-, B18, C4A3, C4BQO, DR6). The father and one unaffected sibling were heterozygous carriers of CAH, as determined by a 30-min iv ACTH stimulation test and HLA typing. In addition, the iv ACTH stimulation test revealed that the mother and the other unaffected sibling also carried an allele for an attenuated form of CAH. Restriction endonuclease digests of genomic DNA obtained from members of this family and from normal unrelated subjects were hybridized with cDNA probes encoding human 21- hydroxylase and C4. With the 21-hydroxylase probe, Southern blots prepared from control DNA samples revealed two major restriction fragments in each of four restriction endonuclease digests; TaqI produced major bands at 3.7 and 3.2 kilobases (kb), Kpnl at 4.0 and 2.9 kb, EcoRI at 18 and 13 kb, and Bglll at 15 and 12.5 kb. Southern blots prepared from DNA of the two patients lacked the 3.7-kb TaqI and 2.9-kb Kpnl fragments, but had increased hybridization intensity (relative to control DNA samples) in the 3.2-kb TaqI and 4.0-kb Kpnl fragments. By contrast, blots with EcoRI or Bglll had two large hybridization fragments not different from control DNA samples. These data indicate the presence of two different 21-hydroxylase genes. Additional mapping studies revealed that the two genes had the restriction pattern of the inactive 21-hydroxylase gene. When genomic DNA that had been isolated from all members of this family and from normal subjects was hybridized with the human C4 cDNA probe, the restriction fragment hybridization patterns for all four endonuclease digests were similar in the two groups. Hence, our results suggest that the 21-hydroxylase deficiency of our patients is due to conversion of the active 21-hydroxylase gene to the inactive gene. Thisgene conversion was associated with absence of functional C4B protein, without any detectable alterations in the restriction fragment pattern of the C4 genes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical