Chinese hamster X mouse somatic cell hybrids segregating mouse chromosomes were examined for their mouse chromosome content using trypsin-Giemsa (GTG) banding and Hoechst 33258 staining techniques. Simultaneously, they were scored for the presence of 24 mouse enzymes. The results confirm the assignments of 11 genes previously mapped by sexual genetics: Dip-1 and Id-1 to chromosome 1; Pgni-2 and Pgd to 4; Pgtn-1 to 5; Gpi-l to 7; Gr-1 to 8; Mpi-1 and Mod-1 to 9; Np-1 and Es-10 to 14. They also confirm chromosomally the assignments of 3 genes that were made by other somatic cell genetic studies: Aprt to 8; Hprt and a-gal to the X chromosome. But most importantly, four enzyme loci are assigned to four chromosomes that until now were not known to carry a biochemical marker which is expressed in cultured cells: Trip-1 to 10: Dip-2 to 18; Acp-1 to 12; and Ak-1 to 2. Cytogenetic examination of clones showing discordant segregation of HPRT and A-GAL, suggested the assignment of a-gal to region XE, *-XF of the mouse X chromosome. The cytologic studies provide a comparison between data from sexual genetics and somatic cell hybrids and validate hybrid cell techniques. They provide evidence of the reliability of scoring chromosomes by GTG and Hoechst staining and stress the importance of identifying clones with multiple chromosome rearrangements. Striking examples of nonrandom segregation of mouse chromosomes were observed in these hybrids with preferential retention of 15 and segregation of 11 and the Y chromosome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology