Genetic analysis of cholesterol accumulation in inbred mice

M. Schwarz, D. L. Davis, B. R. Vick, D. W. Russell

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetic linkage analysis in the laboratory mouse identified chromosomal regions containing genes that contribute to cholesterol accumulation in the liver and plasma. Comparisons between five inbred strains of mice obtained from the Jackson Laboratory (DBA/2, AKR, C57BL/6, SJL, and 129P3) revealed a direct correlation between intestinal cholesterol absorption and susceptibility to diet-induced hypercholesterolemia. This correlation was lost in the F1 generation arising from crosses between high- and low-absorbing strains. Linkage analyses in AxKD recombinant inbred strains and 129xSJL129F1 N2 backcross mice identified four quantitative trait loci (QTL) that influenced Liver cholesterol accumulation (Lcho1-4) and one locus that affected Plasma cholesterol accumulation (Pcho1). These loci map to five chromosomes and, with one exception, are different from the seven QTL identified previously that influence intestinal cholesterol absorption. We conclude that a large number of genes affects the amount of cholesterol absorbed in the small intestine and its accumulation in the liver and plasma of inbred mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1812-1819
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume42
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 17 2001

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Keywords

  • Bile acids
  • Cholesterol absorption
  • Lipid metabolism
  • Liver cholesterol
  • Plasma cholesterol
  • Quantitative trait mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Schwarz, M., Davis, D. L., Vick, B. R., & Russell, D. W. (2001). Genetic analysis of cholesterol accumulation in inbred mice. Journal of lipid research, 42(11), 1812-1819.