Genetic Risk Factors and Disease Modifiers of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is strongly associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome, but genetic factors also contribute to disease susceptibility. Human genetic studies have identified several common genetic variants contributing to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease initiation and progression. These findings have provided new insights into the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and opened up new avenues for the development of therapeutic interventions. In this review, we summarize the current state of knowledge about the genetic determinants of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, focusing on the most robustly validated genetic risk factors and on recently discovered modifiers of disease progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-44
Number of pages20
JournalGastroenterology Clinics of North America
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • GCKR
  • Genetic variation
  • HSD17B13
  • MBOAT7
  • NASH
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
  • PNPLA3
  • TM6SF2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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