Although gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is a highly malignant neoplasm, there is very limited information about the molecular changes involved in its pathogenesis. To identify the chromosomal locations of putative tumor suppressor gene loci involved in the pathogenesis of GBC, we conducted a genome-wide allelotyping or loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis of GBCs. Microdissected tissue from 24 archival GBCs and their matched control DNAs were analyzed for PCR-based LOH using 169 microsatellite markers spanning all nonacrocentric autosomal arms and the X chromosome. The chromosomal arms with the greatest frequencies of LOH (≥60%) were 3p, 6q, 7q, 8p, 9p, 9q, 11q, 12q, 17p, 18q, 19p, 22q, and Xq. The average fractional allele loss index in GBC cases was high (0.43) and frequent breakpoints were detected in gallbladder tumors. Of interest, 21 different regions of frequent LOH (hot spots) defined as ≥50% for individual GBC samples were detected in this neoplasm, nearly half of them confined to one microsatellite marker. We conclude that in GBC at least 21 chromosomal regions with frequent allele losses are involved, suggesting that several putative tumor suppressor genes are inactivated in its pathogenesis. Overall, these data provide global estimates of the extent of genetic changes leading to GBC and will be useful for the identification of new tumor suppressor genes and for multiple new markers for translational research.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - May 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research