Genomic and clinical characterization of early T-cell precursor lymphoblastic lymphoma

Xinjie Xu, Christian N. Paxton, Robert J. Hayashi, Kimberly P. Dunsmore, Stuart S. Winter, Stephen P. Hunger, Naomi J. Winick, William L. Carroll, Mignon L. Loh, Meenakshi Devidas, Thomas G. Gross, Catherine M. Bollard, Sherrie L. Perkins, Rodney R. Miles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Early T-cell precursor phenotype acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL) is a subtype of T-ALL with a unique immunophenotype and genetic abnormalities distinct from conventional T-ALL. A subset of T lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LLy) also demonstrates the early T-cell precursor immunophenotype and may be a counterpart of ETP-ALL. Unlike ETP-ALL, the incidence, clinical features, and genomic features of ETP-LLy are unknown. We reviewed the immunophenotyping data of 218 T-LLy patients who enrolled in the Children's Oncology Group AALL0434 clinical trial and identified 9 cases (4%) exhibiting a definitive ETP immunophenotype. We performed single-nucleotide polymorphism array profiling on 9 ETP-LLy and 15 non-ETP T-LLy cases. Compared with non-ETP T-LLy, ETP-LLy showed less frequent deletion of 9p (CKDN2A/B), more frequent deletion of 12p (ETV6) and 1p (RPL22), and more frequent absence of biallelic T-cell receptor g deletions. Recurrent abnormalities previously described in ETP-ALL such as deletions of 5q and 13q and gain of 6q were not observed in ETP-LLy cases. There were no failures of therapy among the ETP-LLy subtype with a 4-year event-free survival of 100%. Overall, ETP-LLy does not exhibit unifying genetic alterations but shows some distinct genomic features from non-ETP T-LLy suggesting that ETP-LLy may be a distinct entity from non-ETP T-LLy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2890-2900
Number of pages11
JournalBlood Advances
Volume5
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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