Genomics of circadian rhythms in health and disease

Filipa Rijo-Ferreira, Joseph S. Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Circadian clocks are endogenous oscillators that control 24-h physiological and behavioral processes. The central circadian clock exerts control over myriad aspects of mammalian physiology, including the regulation of sleep, metabolism, and the immune system. Here, we review advances in understanding the genetic regulation of sleep through the circadian system, as well as the impact of dysregulated gene expression on metabolic function. We also review recent studies that have begun to unravel the circadian clock's role in controlling the cardiovascular and nervous systems, gut microbiota, cancer, and aging. Such circadian control of these systems relies, in part, on transcriptional regulation, with recent evidence for genome-wide regulation of the clock through circadian chromosome organization. These novel insights into the genomic regulation of human physiology provide opportunities for the discovery of improved treatment strategies and new understanding of the biological underpinnings of human disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number82
JournalGenome Medicine
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Genomics of circadian rhythms in health and disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this