Genotype-phenotype correlation in 440 patients with NPHP-related ciliopathies

Moumita Chaki, Julia Hoefele, Susan J. Allen, Gokul Ramaswami, Sabine Janssen, Carsten Bergmann, John R. Heckenlively, Edgar A. Otto, Friedhelm Hildebrandt

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69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nephronophthisis (NPHP), an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease, is the most frequent genetic cause for end-stage renal failure in the first three decades of life. Mutations in 13 genes (NPHP1-NPHP11, AHI1, and CC2D2A) cause NPHP with ubiquitous expression of the corresponding proteins consistent with the multiorgan involvement of NPHP-related diseases. The genotype-phenotype correlation in these ciliopathies can be explained by gene locus heterogeneity, allelism, and the impact of modifier genes. In some NPHP-related ciliopathies, the nature of the recessive mutations determines disease severity. In order to define the genotype-phenotype correlation more clearly, we evaluated a worldwide cohort of 440 patients from 365 families with NPHP-related ciliopathies, in whom both disease-causing alleles were identified. The phenotypes were ranked in the order of severity from degenerative to degenerative/dysplastic to dysplastic. A genotype of two null alleles caused a range of phenotypes, with an increasing order of severity of NPHP1, NPHP3, NPHP4, NPHP5, NPHP2, NPHP10, NPHP6, to AHI1. Only NPHP6 showed allelic influences on the phenotypes; the presence of two null mutations caused dysplastic phenotypes, whereas at least one missense allele rescued it to a milder degenerative phenotype. We also found nine novel mutations in the NPHP genes. Thus, our studies have important implications for genetic counseling and planning of renal replacement therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1239-1245
Number of pages7
JournalKidney international
Volume80
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Chaki, M., Hoefele, J., Allen, S. J., Ramaswami, G., Janssen, S., Bergmann, C., Heckenlively, J. R., Otto, E. A., & Hildebrandt, F. (2011). Genotype-phenotype correlation in 440 patients with NPHP-related ciliopathies. Kidney international, 80(11), 1239-1245. https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2011.284