Geranylgeranylated Rab proteins terminating in Cys-Ala-Cys, but not Cys-Cys, are carboxyl-methylated by bovine brain membranes in vitro

Tor E. Smeland, Miguel C. Seabra, Joseph L. Goldstein, Michael S. Brown

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Abstract

Geranylgeranylated Rab proteins usually terminate in either Cys-Cys or Cys-Xaa-Cys, where Xaa is Ala, Ser, or Gly. In both classes of proteins, the two cysteines are geranylgeranylated, but only the Cys-Xaa-Cys class has been shown to be carboxyl-methylated on the terminal cysteine in vivo. In the current study, we used recombinant Rab geranylgeranyltransferase and a Rab escort protein (REP-1) to attach geranylgeranyl residues to the two cysteines at the carboxyl terminus of Rab3A (Cys-Ala-Cys) and Rab1A (Cys-Cys). The geranylgeranylated proteins were then incubated with bovine cerebellar membranes that contain an enzyme that transfers [3H]methyl from S-[methyl-3H]adenosyl-L-methionine to geranylgeranylated cysteine. The enzyme transferred [3H]methyl to geranylgeranylated Rab3A but not to geranylgeranylated Rab1A. Replacement of the Cys-Ala-Cys terminus of Rab3A with Cys-Cys abolished methylation, and the opposite result was obtained when the Cys-Cys of Rab1A was replaced with Cys-Ala-Cys. When the Cys-Cys terminus of RablA was changed to Ser-Cys, methylation was restored. These studies suggest that the carboxyl-terminal cysteine of Rab proteins terminating in Cys-Xaa-Cys but not Cys-Cys is methylated and that the resistance of Cys-Cys proteins to methylation is attributable to the vicinal geranylgeranylated cysteines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10712-10716
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume91
Issue number22
StatePublished - Oct 25 1994

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Cysteine
Membranes
Brain
Methylation
Proteins
rab1 GTP-Binding Proteins
Enzymes
In Vitro Techniques

Keywords

  • Carboxyl methyltransferase
  • Membrane traffic
  • Protein prenylation
  • Rab geranylgeranyltransferase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Geranylgeranylated Rab proteins terminating in Cys-Ala-Cys, but not Cys-Cys, are carboxyl-methylated by bovine brain membranes in vitro",
abstract = "Geranylgeranylated Rab proteins usually terminate in either Cys-Cys or Cys-Xaa-Cys, where Xaa is Ala, Ser, or Gly. In both classes of proteins, the two cysteines are geranylgeranylated, but only the Cys-Xaa-Cys class has been shown to be carboxyl-methylated on the terminal cysteine in vivo. In the current study, we used recombinant Rab geranylgeranyltransferase and a Rab escort protein (REP-1) to attach geranylgeranyl residues to the two cysteines at the carboxyl terminus of Rab3A (Cys-Ala-Cys) and Rab1A (Cys-Cys). The geranylgeranylated proteins were then incubated with bovine cerebellar membranes that contain an enzyme that transfers [3H]methyl from S-[methyl-3H]adenosyl-L-methionine to geranylgeranylated cysteine. The enzyme transferred [3H]methyl to geranylgeranylated Rab3A but not to geranylgeranylated Rab1A. Replacement of the Cys-Ala-Cys terminus of Rab3A with Cys-Cys abolished methylation, and the opposite result was obtained when the Cys-Cys of Rab1A was replaced with Cys-Ala-Cys. When the Cys-Cys terminus of RablA was changed to Ser-Cys, methylation was restored. These studies suggest that the carboxyl-terminal cysteine of Rab proteins terminating in Cys-Xaa-Cys but not Cys-Cys is methylated and that the resistance of Cys-Cys proteins to methylation is attributable to the vicinal geranylgeranylated cysteines.",
keywords = "Carboxyl methyltransferase, Membrane traffic, Protein prenylation, Rab geranylgeranyltransferase",
author = "Smeland, {Tor E.} and Seabra, {Miguel C.} and Goldstein, {Joseph L.} and Brown, {Michael S.}",
year = "1994",
month = "10",
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language = "English (US)",
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pages = "10712--10716",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Geranylgeranylated Rab proteins terminating in Cys-Ala-Cys, but not Cys-Cys, are carboxyl-methylated by bovine brain membranes in vitro

AU - Smeland, Tor E.

AU - Seabra, Miguel C.

AU - Goldstein, Joseph L.

AU - Brown, Michael S.

PY - 1994/10/25

Y1 - 1994/10/25

N2 - Geranylgeranylated Rab proteins usually terminate in either Cys-Cys or Cys-Xaa-Cys, where Xaa is Ala, Ser, or Gly. In both classes of proteins, the two cysteines are geranylgeranylated, but only the Cys-Xaa-Cys class has been shown to be carboxyl-methylated on the terminal cysteine in vivo. In the current study, we used recombinant Rab geranylgeranyltransferase and a Rab escort protein (REP-1) to attach geranylgeranyl residues to the two cysteines at the carboxyl terminus of Rab3A (Cys-Ala-Cys) and Rab1A (Cys-Cys). The geranylgeranylated proteins were then incubated with bovine cerebellar membranes that contain an enzyme that transfers [3H]methyl from S-[methyl-3H]adenosyl-L-methionine to geranylgeranylated cysteine. The enzyme transferred [3H]methyl to geranylgeranylated Rab3A but not to geranylgeranylated Rab1A. Replacement of the Cys-Ala-Cys terminus of Rab3A with Cys-Cys abolished methylation, and the opposite result was obtained when the Cys-Cys of Rab1A was replaced with Cys-Ala-Cys. When the Cys-Cys terminus of RablA was changed to Ser-Cys, methylation was restored. These studies suggest that the carboxyl-terminal cysteine of Rab proteins terminating in Cys-Xaa-Cys but not Cys-Cys is methylated and that the resistance of Cys-Cys proteins to methylation is attributable to the vicinal geranylgeranylated cysteines.

AB - Geranylgeranylated Rab proteins usually terminate in either Cys-Cys or Cys-Xaa-Cys, where Xaa is Ala, Ser, or Gly. In both classes of proteins, the two cysteines are geranylgeranylated, but only the Cys-Xaa-Cys class has been shown to be carboxyl-methylated on the terminal cysteine in vivo. In the current study, we used recombinant Rab geranylgeranyltransferase and a Rab escort protein (REP-1) to attach geranylgeranyl residues to the two cysteines at the carboxyl terminus of Rab3A (Cys-Ala-Cys) and Rab1A (Cys-Cys). The geranylgeranylated proteins were then incubated with bovine cerebellar membranes that contain an enzyme that transfers [3H]methyl from S-[methyl-3H]adenosyl-L-methionine to geranylgeranylated cysteine. The enzyme transferred [3H]methyl to geranylgeranylated Rab3A but not to geranylgeranylated Rab1A. Replacement of the Cys-Ala-Cys terminus of Rab3A with Cys-Cys abolished methylation, and the opposite result was obtained when the Cys-Cys of Rab1A was replaced with Cys-Ala-Cys. When the Cys-Cys terminus of RablA was changed to Ser-Cys, methylation was restored. These studies suggest that the carboxyl-terminal cysteine of Rab proteins terminating in Cys-Xaa-Cys but not Cys-Cys is methylated and that the resistance of Cys-Cys proteins to methylation is attributable to the vicinal geranylgeranylated cysteines.

KW - Carboxyl methyltransferase

KW - Membrane traffic

KW - Protein prenylation

KW - Rab geranylgeranyltransferase

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