Giant axonal neuropathy with novel GAN pathogenic variant in a patient of consanguineous origin from Poonch Jammu and Kashmir-India

Yaser Rafiq Mir, Xue Zeng, Atul K. Taneja, Asima Hassan, Jayesh Sheth, Raja A.H. Kuchay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is a severe and rare autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder of childhood affecting both the peripheral and central nervous systems (CNS). It is caused by mutations in the GAN (gigaxonin) gene linked to chromosome 16q24. Here, we present a 15-year-old male patient with GAN from a consanguineous family of Poonch, Jammu and Kashmir (J&K)-India. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was employed to unravel the genetic cause of GAN in the proband. Pathogenic variant identified with WES was confirmed in other affected sibling using Sanger sequencing. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and detailed clinical investigation was also carried out on proband. WES revealed a novel homozygous stopgain GAN mutation (NM_022041, c.C1028G, p.S343X) in the patient. MRI of brain displayed bilateral symmetrical confluent areas of deep white matter signal changes affecting periventricular regions (with sparing of subcortical U-fibers), posterior limbs of internal capsules, thalami, external capsules, and semioval centers. The patient was initially suspected to be a case of metachromatic leukodystrophy. However, WES analysis revealed a pathogenic variant in GAN gene as causative. No other pathogenic variant relevant to any other type of dystrophy was reported in WES. Our findings extend the geographical distribution of GAN to even a very remote region in India, extend the mutational and imaging spectrum of GAN and substantiate the need for introducing genetic testing and counselling in primary referral centers/district hospitals in India.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1607-1614
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Biology Reports
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Consanguineous family
  • Giant axonal neuropathy
  • India
  • Jammu and Kashmir
  • Whole exome sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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