Global analysis of lymphocyte gene expression: Perturbation of H‐9 cells by infection with distinct isolates of human immunodeficiency virus – an exposition by multivariate analysis of a host‐parasite interface

J. R. Kettman, R. A. Robinson, L. Kuhn, I. Lefkovits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

AIDS is a progressive disease associated with steady loss of helper T cells and several other functions. As the disease evolves, cytopathogenic human immunodeficiency (HIV) variants of increasing virulence can be isolated from the host. The HIV is an unusually variable genome by virtue of a low replication fidelity. In this report we describe our effort to test the hypothesis that there is a correlation between virus variability and cytopathogenicity, and further, that there is an “impact” of the virus infection on the expression of host cellular genes. To search for such a relationship, we infected H‐9 cells (human CD4+ lymphoblastoid cell line) with each of 5 isolates of HIV of distinct origin and cytopathogenicity. To measure the influence of the virus infection on the expression of host cellular genes, shortly after infection, (3 h or 13 h), cells were radiolabeled and the radioactive polypeptides separated by two‐dimensional gel electrophoresis. Radiofluorographs were prepared and analyzed to determine relative rates of biosynthesis of cellular polypeptides. To organize the large amounts of data found, cluster analysis and principal component analysis were used to expose the data in formats that allowed a model construction. The rates of biosynthesis of many cellular polypeptides were altered upon viral infection in terms of both enhancements and impairment of biosynthesis. Some of the variation in polypeptide synthesis was isolate‐specific, while most alterations were of modest magnitude. There appears to be no “overall effect” associated with infection by a cytopathic variant of the virus. Polypeptides affected by the cytopathic variants were determined as targets for further investigation. The method used promotes the measurement of “ensemble” information that is characteristic of the process and it promotes the creation of models of virus action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)554-569
Number of pages16
JournalELECTROPHORESIS
Volume12
Issue number7-8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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