The disturbance of normal mechanisms of oxygen delivery and metabolism is a hallmark of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). In the past, investigations into the status of cerebral oxygen metabolism depended on changes in the differences in oxygen content between arterial and jugular venous blood. The development of jugular venous oximetry permitted continuous monitoring of jugular venous oxygen saturation, thereby overcoming earlier limitations caused by intermittent sampling. Neuromonitoring techniques that utilize only jugular vein sampling provide information only about global cerebral metabolism, but direct measurement of brain tissue oxygen tension via intraparenchymal probes makes possible the assessment of regional cerebral oxygen metabolism. Regional and global neuromonitoring techniques are not competitive or mutually exclusive. Rather, they are best regarded as complementary, with each providing valuable information that has a direct bearing on patient outcomes. The authors review the currently available techniques used in the monitoring of cerebral oxidative metabolism in patients who have sustained severe TBI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology