Glu-333 of nicastrin directly participates in γ-secretase activity

Daniel R. Dries, Sanjiv Shah, Yu Hong Han, Cong Yu, Sophie Yu, Mark S. Shearman, Gang Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

γ-Secretase is a proteolytic membrane complex that processes a variety of substrates including the amyloid precursor protein and the Notch receptor. Earlier we showed that one of the components of this complex, nicastrin (NCT), functions as a receptor for γ-secretase substrates. A recent report challenged this, arguing instead that the Glu-333 residue of NCT predicted to participate in substrate recognition only participates in γ-secretase complex maturation and not in activity per se. Here, we present evidence that Glu-333 directly participates in γ-secretase activity. By normalizing to the active pool of γ-secretase with two separate methods, we establish that γ-secretase complexes containing NCT-E333A are indeed deficient in intrinsic activity. We also demonstrate that the NCT-E333A mutant is deficient in its binding to substrates. Moreover, we find that the cleavage of substrates by γ-secretase activity requires a free N-terminal amine but no minimal length of the extracellular N-terminal stub. Taken together, these studies provide further evidence supporting the role of NCT in substrate recognition. Finally, because γ-secretase cleaves itself during its maturation and because NCT-E333A also shows defects in γ-secretase complex maturation, we present a model whereby Glu-333 can serve a dual role via similar mechanisms in the recruitment of both Type 1 membrane proteins for activity and the presenilin intracellular loop during complex maturation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29714-29724
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Dries, D. R., Shah, S., Han, Y. H., Yu, C., Yu, S., Shearman, M. S., & Yu, G. (2009). Glu-333 of nicastrin directly participates in γ-secretase activity. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 284(43), 29714-29724. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M109.038737