Golgi-Localized PAQR4 Mediates Antiapoptotic Ceramidase Activity in Breast Cancer

Line Pedersen, Pouda Panahandeh, Muntequa I. Siraji, Stian Knappskog, Per Eystein Lønning, Ruth Gordillo, Philipp E. Scherer, Anders Molven, Knut Teigen, Nils Halberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The metabolic network of sphingolipids plays important roles in cancer biology. Prominent sphingolipids include ceramides and sphingosine-1-phosphate that regulate multiple aspects of growth, apoptosis, and cellular signaling. Although a significant number of enzymatic regulators of the sphingolipid pathway have been described in detail, many remained poorly characterized. Here we applied a patient-derived systemic approach to identify and molecularly define progestin and adipoQ receptor family member IV (PAQR4) as a Golgi-localized ceramidase. PAQR4 was approximately 5-fold upregulated in breast cancer compared with matched control tissue and its overexpression correlated with disease-specific survival rates in breast cancer. Induction of PAQR4 in breast tumors was found to be subtype-independent and correlated with increased ceramidase activity. These findings establish PAQR4 as Golgi-localized ceramidase required for cellular growth in breast cancer. SIGNIFICANCE: Induction of and cellular dependency on de novo sphingolipid synthesis via PAQR4 highlights a central vulnerability in breast cancer that may serve as a viable therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2163-2174
Number of pages12
JournalCancer research
Volume80
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Pedersen, L., Panahandeh, P., Siraji, M. I., Knappskog, S., Lønning, P. E., Gordillo, R., Scherer, P. E., Molven, A., Teigen, K., & Halberg, N. (2020). Golgi-Localized PAQR4 Mediates Antiapoptotic Ceramidase Activity in Breast Cancer. Cancer research, 80(11), 2163-2174. https://doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-19-3177