Green tea and its anti-angiogenesis effects

Bahman Rashidi, Mehrnoush Malekzadeh, Mohammad Goodarzi, Aria Masoudifar, Hamed Mirzaei

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of new blood vessels from a pre-existing vasculature (also known as angiogenesis) is required for many physiological processes including embryogenesis and post-natal growth. However, pathological angiogenesis is also a hallmark of cancer and many ischaemic and inflammatory diseases. The pro-angiogenic members of the VEGF family (vascular endothelial growth factor family), VEGF-A, VEGF-B, VEGF-C, VEGF-D and placental growth factor (PlGF), and the related receptors, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3 have a central and decisive role in angiogenesis. Indeed, they are the targets for anti-angiogenic drugs currently approved. Green tea (from the Camellia sinensis plant) is one of the most popular beverages in the world. It is able to inhibit angiogenesis by different mechanisms such as microRNAs (miRNAs). Green tea and its polyphenolic substances (like catechins) show chemo-preventive and chemotherapeutic features in various types of cancer and experimental models for human cancers. The tea catechins, including (−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), have multiple effects on the cellular proteome and signalome. Note that the polyphenolic compounds from green tea are able to change the miRNA expression profile associated with angiogenesis in various cancer types. This review focuses on the ability of the green tea constituents to suppress angiogenesis signaling and it summarizes the mechanisms by which EGCG might inhibit the VEGF family. We also highlighted the miRNAs affected by green tea which are involved in anti-angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)949-956
Number of pages8
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume89
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Epigallocatechin-3-gallate
  • Green tea
  • MicroRNA
  • VEGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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